National Foods Stockfeeds :: Layer Feed

Layer Chicken with Eggs eating Feed

Layer

It's vital to provide your chickens with the proper nutrients when they begin laying eggs. Learn more here about what to look for in your complete layer feed.

LAYER FEED

Layer birds start laying from about 18 weeks of age up to about 80 weeks. The dietary requirements of laying birds vary throughout their growth and production stages. The birds are started on the feed that allows them to grow and develop internal organs. For the production stage, we encourage a 3 phase feeding regime based on the age of the birds. This includes early lay, mid lay and late lay layers mashes. However, we also have a single feed that can be fed from the start of lay right until the end of the laying period.

Please note that several factors like age, genetics, type of housing, feeding system, management system, stocking density, and environmental conditions could have a significant effect on the actual feed intake of layer birds. Also, take into account that free-ranging layer hens normally consume more feed than layer hens in battery cages.

Layer Chicken with Eggs

Chick Mash/Crumbles (19% Crude Protein)

This feed is designed for layer type birds aged a day old and above. The feed allows for optimum development of all internal organs, especially the reproductive organs which are very important in the layer bird. The feed is available in the mash and crumble form. The feed contains an anticoccidial.


Feeding Recommendations

  • Feed ad-lib to layer type birds from placement to approximately 6 weeks of age.
  • It is best to feed the mash during the first 2 weeks then as the birds get older, move them to the crumble. Care must be taken to transition properly from the mash to the crumble. It is recommended to follow the program in the table below when making the transition.
  • Each bird should consume approximately 1.1kgs of feed during this period.
Day 13 25% Chick mash 75% Chick crumble
Day 14 50% Chick mash 50% Chick crumble
Day 15 75% Chick mash 25% Chick crumble
Day 16 0% Chick mash 100% Chick crumble

TriPhase Layer Feed Range

Growers Mash (15% Crude Protein)

At seven weeks, the layer birds can be moved to the Growers Mash. Just like the Chick Mash, the feed is designed to encourage the proper development of the internal organs of the layer bird.


Feeding Recommendations

  • The feed should be fed ad libitum to pullets from seven weeks of age until 18 weeks.
  • Care should be taken to mix the Grower feed with the Chick Crumble during the transitional period as shown below
  • Each bird should consume approximately 4.9kg of feed during this period.
Day 42 25% Chick crumble 75% Growers mash
Day 43 50% Chick crumble 50% Growers mash
Day 44 75% Chick crumble 25% Growers mash
Day 45 0% Chick crumble 100% Growers mash

TriPhase Layer Feed Range

Layers Mash/Pellets 1 (16% Crude Protein)

This is a production feed that is fed to layer type birds from the onset of laying right until the end. No coccidiostat is included in this feed because by the laying stage the birds must have built coccidiosis resistance.

Feeding Recommendations

  • The feed should be fed ad-lib to laying birds from the onset of laying, which is around 18 weeks, up until the end of laying.
  • Each bird is expected to consume between 115g-125g of the feed per day.
  • Consumption will be affected by the birds' breed, type, age, and environmental conditions.

TriPhase Layer Feed Range

Layers Concentrate (29% Crude Protein)

Mix 2 parts Layers Concentrate to 3 parts maize by mass. The resultant feed is the normal Layers mash.


Feeding Recommendations

  • The mixed parts should be fed from point of lay (approximately 18 weeks) to the end of laying.
  • Expected consumption is 115g -125g per bird depending on bird breed, type, and environment.
  • Care must be taken to mix the concentrate and the crushed maize according to mass, not volume. Actual masses of the proportions to be mixed must be known.
  • Please note that whole maize grains must be used with this concentrate. Feeding with maize bran (makreshi) will not yield the desired results.
Triphase 2 Layer Mash Concentrate and Maize Meal Formulation

The 3 phase layers mash range

We have a 3 phase layers mash range that is designed to maximise the farmer’s profits. As much as the birds fed on the single phase and those fed on the 3 phase have the same results in terms of layer production, there is a cost saving that is realised when using the 3 phase layers mash feeding regime. This is because with the 3 phase layers mash feeding regime, the birds are given exactly what they require at each stage of the production cycle, so that at no time do you over supply nutrients to the birds.

Layers Mash Early Lay (15% Crude Protein)

In comparison to its counterpart feeds in the layer phase feeding range, this is a high protein, high energy and low calcium diet that is designed for birds that have just started laying. Birds in the early stage of laying require more energy and more protein as compared to birds in mid and late lay. This feed is what the birds will feed on during the peak laying period.

Feeding Recommendations

  • Feed to laying birds from point of lay to approximately 40 weeks age.
  • Each bird is expected to consume 100g-115g of feed per day.
  • Follow this up with Mid lay layers mash.

TriPhase Layer Feed Range

Layers Mash Mid Lay (14.5% Crude Protein)

This feed is designed to be fed to laying birds in the middle of the laying cycle. It is introduced after feeding early lay layers mash, some weeks after the peak laying period.

Feeding Recommendations

  • Feed to laying birds from 40 weeks of age to approximately 60 weeks of age.
  • Even though the feed is fed ad-lib, each bird is expected to consume 105g-120g per day.
  • Follow this feed with Late Lay Layers Mash.

TriPhase Layer Feed Range

Layers Mash Late Lay (14% Crude Protein)

This is the last feed in the layer 3 phase feeding regime. It has a low protein and low energy in comparison to the other 2 feeds in the regime. This is because as layers get older, their protein and energy requirements decrease. The calcium in this feed is higher due to the fact that older layers utilise calcium less efficiently as compared to younger layers.

Feeding Recommendations

  • Feed ad-lib to layers from approximately 60 weeks of age to culling.
  • Feed intake should be approximately 110g-125g/hen/day.

TriPhase Layer Feed Range

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